Already about 280 million Internet domains are registered over the whole world. It is not surprising. The domain is one of the driving forces and symbols of e-business. Potential of the Internet is perceived by others each year. Domains show the world your product and services, but also your passions. Therefore the number of free attractive top-level domains is lower every day.
The answer to the growing demand for Internet names was the introduction of new gTLD/nTDL. Home domain is closely linked to the development of DNS. It enables assignment of an IP address to Internet domain names. Sequences of numbers have been converted into words. In 1985, the first top-level domains were defined (.com and .gov). Domain .net was also registered. In 2005, we witnessed the emergence of a .eu domain. In the beginning it was available only to residents of the EU.
New extensions are an excellent alternative to existing gTLDs / nTDLs and ccTLDs. These domains increase the existing pool of domains. New companies can more easily choose the name for their websites. In most cases they refer to the words of the English language. It can be a barrier for consumers. The registration process of TLDs in most cases is no different from that which exists at present for the main gTLDs. However, before they are placed on the free market, they must go a long way registration. The first new TLDs ended up on the list of domains planned to register. Initially, 100 names were decided.
Domains that have been accepted for registration are divided into three types of distribution: closed, proprietary and open. Most of the closed-registration is a registration belonging to brands that have the right to so-called branded domains. Reserved domains are only available for those who meet the required criteria. For example, applicants for a domain .london have to be within the area of the city. The open domain can apply to everyone as is the case of sales of current (classical) domains. Another type of domains that companies will want to have in their portfolio are those that contain negative or erotic message such as: .porn or .sucks. Probably no institution or public figure would not want to have this domain. I think that would be dealing with a particular profession.
It is still uncertain how the new domains will be handled by the algorithms responsible for finding content in search engines. But you have to trust that as announced by companies such as Google and Microsoft will continue to adapt the search in such a way that they displayed the most accurately what you are looking for.